1استادیار دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی دانشگاه صنعتی جندی شاپور دزفول، دزفول، ایران
2دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد معماری، دانشگاه آزاد واحد شوشتر، شوشتر، ایران
با نگاهی به معماری معاصر ایران و نسل های مختلف آن چنین بر می آید که نمونه های برتری در معماری این دوران وجود دارد که می توان بر اساس نوع مؤلفه های نقد معماری، آنها را به جریانی ویژه در معماری ایران و مستقل از رویکردهای معماری غرب،وابسته دانست. این پژوهش بر اساس روش مورد پژوهی، در پی آن است تا با تحلیل نشانه ها و جریانات فکری موجود در متن آثار معماران، به شناخت گرایش ها و رویکردهای نسل های معماری معاصر بپردازد و به این سؤال پاسخ دهد که آیا تسلسل معنی داری در مفاهیم بکار رفته توسط معماران در دوره های مختلف وجود دارد؟ فرض براین است که تبیین گرایش های معماران معاصر ، از مدرنیسم ایرانی گرفته تا گرایشهای ملی گرایانه، تجدید حیات گونه و یا کلاسیک بازاری، ضمن این که می تواند ارزش و اهمیت هر اثر را در رابطه با متن تاریخی کشور ارزیابی کند، با تبیین ریشه ها و شاخص های قابل اتکا، سبب می شود تا جریان تئوریک موجود در تاریخ معماری معاصر ایران بازشناسی گردد. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده از تحلیل تطبیقی آثار معماری سه نسل از معماران معاصر ، همچنین با استناد به توصیف های صاحب نظران، چنین بر می آید که جریان نظریه در معماری معاصر، در چارچوب چهار مقوله مشخص نظیر ایده های ساختار دهنده، ارجاعات سبک شناسانه، گزینش فرم و نوع مصالح قابل تبیین می باشد.
Comparative Review of Contemporary Iranian Architecture Tendencies (Recognition Designing Theories of Three Generations Architects)
By Looking at Iranian Contemporary Architecture and it's different generations It can be found that there are examples of excellence in architecture which Can be based on the characteristics and components of the Architectural Review, They to a specific stream architecture in Iran and Independent of the architectural approaches of the West, as an affiliate. This research is based on case studies, it followed up with an analysis of the signs and current thoughts available in the text architecture, to identify trends and approaches in contemporary architecture generations and answer to the question whether there is significant sequence in the concepts used by architects at different periods? It is assumed that the defining trends of Iranian contemporary Iranian architects from Iranian modernism to nationalist tendencies, Revitalization or classical market, while It can also work in conjunction with the value and importance of the historical context of the assessment, Explaining the origins and reliable indicators, Makes the flow of existing theoretical on Iranian history of contemporary architecture be recognized. Defining the correct position of Iranian Islamic architecture in the post modern world elicits various points of view. The increasing importance of literature related to linguistic philosophy, post-constructivism, cultural relativism, and the end of ideology has instigated a sort of mental inflammation in the community of Iranian architects. A pragmatism abstracted from the environment is one of the trends that have developed in this respect. Based on results of a comparative analysis of three generations of Iranian contemporary architects work, Also, according to the authors describe, It follows that the theory of contemporary architecture in Iran, Within four specific categories, such as The giver ideas, Aesthetic style references, Selection Form and types of materials can be explained. The analysis of these four components in architecture works explains that the giver ideas of posit has been followed with more persistent in the pursuit of different generations and over time in comparison to the other components has less changes. This perception can underline the existence of a common discourse between color, smell and Iranian structure that can be the missing detail of the Iranian contemporary architecture. Throw a glance at current Iranian architecture and its generation, it is realized that there are some preferable samples in this period which could be referred as a special stream in Iranian architecture and in depended from west approaches, based on the type of characteristics and architectural criticize components. Iranian current architecture is one of areas that has not been studied exactly and by analyzing works and current stream and it is especially referable. It is realized from rapid and also extreme changing of Iranian architecture that the trend to classical architecture has been changed in different situation. These rapid changes have been happened due to modernizing and mechanism that could be considered as modern period effects. Iranian challenges with contemporarily, in recent two centuries, was expanded in governmental and intellectual parties. In this era, extreme changes was happened in the most areas including architecture and provide different approaches and simultaneously some intent to classical thinking. This research, based on case study approach, followed analyzing the signs and streams of consciousness in architectures work contexts, to realize the approaches of current generation of architecture and also find the answer for a question about finding a reputable track record in the used concepts with architects depending their different periods. It is assumed that, specifying the definition of Iranian current architect’s trend, like Iranian modernism, nationalism, renovate or classical popular approaches, helps to recognize theoretical stream of current Iranian architecture with realizing and specifying roots and valuable indicators, and furthermore can assess the importance and worthiness of each work. Reviewing current Iranian architecture shows, in spite of various generations, the main concepts have not any diversity and its evaluation will be realized and performed with improvement of these concepts. Anyway, because of this subject that the attention to current Iranian architecture for finding a reliable classification, needs reviewing basic concepts like methodologies, forms and architectural studies, as the basis of the effective items like design ideas, design locations and frame works, design themes, spatial concepts, visual shapes and the used material, therefore we have to realize the hide vision of these three generations of architecture, considering right viewpoint, to provide a statement for classifying or finding a similar theme between Iranian and current world architecture. Based on the results of comparative analysis of three generation of Iranian architectural works, and also regarding the clear-sighted authors description, it seems that, the stream of theory in Iranian current architecture could be realized as a framework by four specific categories including structural giver ideas, stylistics refers, form selecting and type of materials. Analyzing these four categories in architectural works shows that the structural giver ideas have been followed by different generation with more persistent and have the minor changes than other categories during this era. This perception discovers a common thought in Iranian current architecture that can be the missed stream of it. The trends and ideas underlying a design are the main concepts on which the main design of a work of architecture is based on. Conceptually, the structural idea of a design is the main definition that architecture is based upon and in some literature, it is even viewed as a concept. Based on evaluation and analysis of the frameworks of the prominent works of Iranian architecture of three generations, mainly after the Islamic Revolution, structural ideas of architectural designs and the product of prominent Iranian works of architecture is a mélange of international and regional intellectual currents, the leading culture of the designs as they relate to their era and social, political,cultural and economical interactions. Furthermore, a deep review of contemporary architecture in Iran after Islamic reveloution, points out a lack of familiarity with main universal contemporary architectural theory, which is the main reason behind the architects, designers, professors and researchers of architecture, and most importantly, those who enjoy architecture.
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