Volume 9, Issue 2 (2019)                   Naqshejahan 2019, 9(2): 79-90 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shoohanizad Y, Haghir S. Promoting Sustainability of Single Unit Housing according to vernacular architecture in Northern Shores of Oman Sea and Persian Gulf. Naqshejahan. 2019; 9 (2) :79-90
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-32660-en.html
1- Architecture Department, Architecture Faculty, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish, Iran
2- Architecture Department, Architecture Faculty, Fine Arts Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , saeed.haghir@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4242 Views)
This article aims to promote the architectural sustainability of the single unit residences in northern coasts of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, which has had the majority of population growth during the past few years. The need for this study is leading the contemporary architecture of Iran to achieve sustainability. Single-family vernacular residences, which shape the majority of residences in the researched climate, have been assessed from sustainability aspects. The main question of the research is the result of assessing architectural sustainability of vernacular residences in the hot and humid climate of Iran and proposing a sustainable design checklist. The major research objective is environmental analysis and sustainability assessment of vernacular single-unit residences in the research climate. Accordingly, the research method is based on two levels of theoretical and empirical studies; at the theoretical level, a documentary analysis is carried out to study the research climate, find the most common housing type, and understand GSAS. At the experimental level, 9 vernacular single-family houses, which are currently in use, are assessed by GSAS and a comparative analysis is held among the results. The result is confirming the theory that vernacular houses are sustainable in many aspects and on the northern coast of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea are capable of being iterated. Consequently, their strengths are demonstrated and a checklist is suggested for future sustainable design of single-unit houses at this climate.
Full-Text [PDF 913 kb]   (795 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Highperformance Architecture
Received: 2019/06/1 | Accepted: 2019/07/6 | Published: 2019/09/22

References
1. WCED. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development - Our Common Future [Internet]. New York: WCED; 1987 [cited 2018 Dec 15]. Available from: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/milestones/wced. [Links]
2. Statistical Center of Iran. Results of the general census of population and housing in 2016 [Internet]. Tehran: amar; 2016 [cited 2018 Dec 15]. Available from: https://bit.ly/2s3B7tH. [Persian] [Links]
3. Komurlu R, Arditi D. Gurgun A. Applicability of LEED's energy and atmosphere category in three developing countries. Energy Build. 2014;84:690-7. [Links] [DOI:10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.07.095 Add to Citavi project by DOI]
4. Gurgun AP, Komurlu R, Arditi D. Review of the LEED category in materials and resources for developing countries. Proc Eng. 2015;118:1145-52. [Links] [DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.456 Add to Citavi project by DOI]
5. Moussaa RA, Farag AA. The applicability of LEED of new construction (LEED-NC) in the Middle East. Proc Environ Sci. 2017;37:572-83. [Links] [DOI:10.1016/j.proenv.2017.03.044 Add to Citavi project by DOI]
6. Freitas IAS, Zhang X. Green building rating systems in Swedish market - a comparative analysis between LEED, BREEAM SE, GreenBuilding and Miljöbyggnad. Energy Proc. 2018;153:402-7. [Links] [DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2018.10.066 Add to Citavi project by DOI]
7. Thilakaratne R, Lew V. Is LEED leading Asia?: an analysis of global adaptation and trends. Proc Eng. 2011;21:1136-44. [Links] [DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.2122 Add to Citavi project by DOI]
8. Moshiri S. Building design in hot humid climate. Hoviatshahr J. 2010;3(5):39-46. [Persian] [Links]
9. Armaghan M, Gorji Y. The values of vernacular architecture of Iran in relation with sustainable architecture approach. J House Rural Environ. 2009;28(126):20-35. [Persian] [Links]
10. Tahsildoost M. Technology, architecture and sustainability. Sofeh. 2012;(57):47-60. [Persian] [Links]
11. Taban M, Vasigh B, Keshtkar Ghalati AR. Blurring boundaries between public and private spaces to promote community interactions in residential area. J Urban Manag. 2008;6(21):91-100. [Persian] [Links]
12. Mahgoub Y. Sustainable architecture in the United Arab Emirates: past and present. In: CAA-IIA International Conference on Urbanism & Housing; 1997 Oct 2-5; GOA, India. [Links]
13. Al-Nakib E. Sustainability as a design paradigm for quality architecture: implications for commercial buildings in the Arabian Gulf countries and Australia. Sydney, Australia: University of New South Wales; 2004. [Links]
14. Al-Zubaidi MSS. The sustainability potential of traditional architecture in the Arab world- with reference to domestic buildings in the UAE [Dissertation]. Huddersfield: University of Hudderstfield; 2007. [Links]
15. Abdelsalam T, Rihan M. The impact of sustainability trends on housing design identity of Arab cities. Hous Build Natl Res Cent J. 2013;9(2);159-72. [Links] [DOI:10.1016/j.hbrcj.2013.03.002 Add to Citavi project by DOI]
16. Ghandoour M. …the sorry tale is repeated again and again: reflections on the Architecture Review conference in Abu Dhabi. Urban Des Int. 1998;3(3):149-54. https://doi.org/10.1080/135753198350424 Add to Citavi project by DOI [Links] [DOI:10.1057/udi.1998.18 Add to Citavi project by DOI]
17. Nikghadam N, Mofidi Shemirani SM, Tahbaz M. Analysis of climate classifications in southern Iran based on Koppen-Trewartha method and Givonis' bioclimatic index. Armanshahr Arch Urban Dev. 2016;8(15):119-30. [Persian] [Links]
18. Masoodian SA. Climatic regions of Iran. Geogr Dev Iran J. 2003;1(2):171-84. [Persian] [Links]
19. GORD. GSAS- Global Sustainability Assessment System. GORD- Gulf organization for research and development [Internet]. Qatar: GORD; 2009 [cited 2018 Dec 07]. Available from: http://www.gord.qa/ [Links]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.