Volume 11, Issue 4 (2022)                   Naqshejahan 2022, 11(4): 96-116 | Back to browse issues page

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1- PhD Candidate of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor of Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Art, Tehran, Iran. , m.matini@art.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor of School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor of Faculty of Art and Architecture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (1899 Views)
Aims: The study of natural shells has long been considered by architects. This research focuses on investigation and recognition of "Rotationally Symmetrical Synclastic" shells (RSS shells). It aims to promote and introduce the structural capabilities of RSS shells in architecture in order to promote the use of the bird eggshell pattern in nature.
Methods: The research method is mixture of the descriptive-analytical and the comparative methodology; with the use of the primary sources, MATLAB analytical software, and parametric analysis of the optimality of bird eggshell surfaces as examples of natural RSS shells. The research method is set to introduce how to use the optimal and functional capabilities of these surfaces in architecture.
Findings: First, an introduction of RSS shells and their morphology is presented with an emphasis on bird eggshells. Next, the issue of bird eggshell optimality and the usability of optimal forms and structures of these shells in architecture is discussed. Finally, after interpreting and analyzing the data, a parametric analysis of the optimality of eggshell surfaces was carried out, which informed the use of similar RSS shells in architecture.
Conclusion: By using digital analysis tools in parametric modeling of bird eggshells, more optimal RSS shells can be achieved in contemporary architecture. Shells with minimal materials and the ability to run faster and easier than other shells, which can be suitable coverings for large spans.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Highperformance Architecture
Received: 2021/11/10 | Accepted: 2021/12/21 | Published: 2022/01/10

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