Volume 12, Issue 2 (2022)                   Naqshejahan 2022, 12(2): 110-137 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khayami S, Daneshjoo K. The Effect of Dynamic Double Skin Façade on Energy Efficiency in Khayyam Administrative Building. Naqshejahan. 2022; 12 (2) :110-137
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-60810-en.html
1- MSc in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , khdaneshjoo@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (252 Views)
Aims: The construction sector accounts for a large portion of the world's energy consumption; in Iran, it’s more than 40% of energy consumption. Office buildings have a relatively unfavorable energy consumption pattern due to impersonal ownership and lack of supervision and needs improvement. The aim of this research is to improve the energy performance of these buildings by using a dynamic double skin façade.

Materials and Methods: In this research, first the dominant pattern of office buildings in Mashhad has been studied. Since the design is done in Mashhad, which is one of the religious centers of the country, and to create this feeling in users, the pattern used in its second skin is inspired by Islamic patterns of tiles and decorations of the holy shrine of Imam Reza (AS). After analyzing the energy performance of 5 selected patterns with Ladybug and Honeybee plugins, the most optimal pattern is used.

Findings: Daylight is one of the most influential parameters in the design of energy efficient buildings. To make the most of this parameter, it is necessary to create facades with maximum transparency. But these facades face challenges such as overheating. Therefore, it’s important to control the amount of daylight entering.

Conclusion: In this research based on highperformance architecture theory, an optimal solution to improve the energy performance of a 5-storey office building in Mashhad by using a dynamic double skin façade with the ability to control the daylight entrance is presented; which results in a reduction in building’s energy consumption by approximately 130,000 kWh per year.
Full-Text [PDF 2963 kb]   (234 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Highperformance Architecture
Received: 2022/04/3 | Accepted: 2022/06/9 | Published: 2022/06/22

1. Ji R, Zheng Y, Zou Z, Wei S, Qu S. Climate Applicability Study of Building Envelopes Containing Phase Change Materials. International Journal of Energy Research. 2019 July 4; 43(13): 7397-7408. https://doi.org/10.1002/er.4772 [Article] [DOI]
2. Wang Y, Wei C. Design Optimization of Office Building Envelope Based on Quantum Genetic Algorithm for Energy Conservation. Journal of Building Engineering. 2021 March; 35: 102048. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2020.102048 [Article]
3. Theodosiou T, Tsikaloudaki K, Tsoka S, Chastas P. Thermal Bridging Problems on Advance Cladding Systems and Smart Building Facades. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019 March 20; 214: 62-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.286 [Article] [DOI]
4. Ghaffarianhoseini A, Ghaffarianhoseini A, Berardi U, Tookey J, Hin Wa Li D, Kariminia S. Exploring the Advantages and Challenges of Double-Skin Facades (DSFs). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2016 July; 60: 1052-1065. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.130 [Article] [DOI]
5. Kim D, Cox S.J, Cho H, Yoon J. Comparative Investigation on Building Energy Performance of Double Skin Façade (DSF) with Interior or Exterior Slat Blinds. Journal of Building Engineering. 2018 November; 20: 411-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2018.08.012 [Article] [DOI]
6. Barbosa S, Lp K. Perspectives of Double Skin Facades for Naturally Ventilated Buildings: A Review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2014 December; 40: 1019-1029. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.192 [Article] [DOI]
7. Li Y, Darkwa J, Su W. Investigation on Thermal Performance of an Integrated Phase Change Material Blind System for Double Skin Façade Buildings. Energy Procedia. 2019 February; 158: 5116-5123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.01.688 [Article] [DOI]
8. Askari A, Mahdavinejad M, Ansari M. Investigation of displacement ventilation performance under various room configurations using computational fluid dynamics simulation. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology. 2022 May 7:01436244221097312. https://doi.org/10.1177/01436244221097312 [Article] [DOI]
9. Ahmadi J, Mahdavinejad M, Asadi S. Folded double-skin façade (DSF): in-depth evaluation of fold influence on the thermal and flow performance in naturally ventilated channels. International Journal of Sustainable Energy. 2021 Jun 16:1-30. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2021.1941019 [Article] [DOI]
10. Ahmadi J, Mahdavinejad M, Larsen OK, Zhang C, Zarkesh A, Asadi S. Evaluating the different boundary conditions to simulate airflow and heat transfer in Double-Skin Facade. In Building Simulation 2022 May;15(5):799-815. Tsinghua University Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12273-021-0824-5 [Article] [DOI]
11. Samadi S, Noorzai E, Beltrán L, Abbasi S. A Computational Approach for Achieving Optimum Daylight Inside Buildings through Automated Kinetic Shading Systems. Frontiers of Architectural Research. 2020 June 1; 9(2): 335-349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foar.2019.10.004 [Article] [DOI]
12. Goharian A, Mahdavinejad M. A novel approach to multi-apertures and multi-aspects ratio light pipe. Journal of Daylighting. 2020 Sep 16;7(2):186-200. https://doi.org/10.15627/jd.2020.17 [Article] [DOI]
13. Bazazzadeh H, Pilechiha P, Nadolny A, Mahdavinejad M, Hashemi Safaei SS. The Impact Assessment of Climate Change on Building Energy Consumption in Poland. Energies. 2021 July 06;14(14):4084. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en14144084 [Article] [DOI]
14. Bazazzadeh H, Świt-Jankowska B, Fazeli N, Nadolny A, Safar Ali Najar B, Hashemi Safaei S, Mahdavinejad M. Efficient Shading Device as an Important Part of Daylightophil Architecture; a Designerly Framework of High-Performance Architecture for an Office Building in Tehran. Energies. 2021 December 8;14(24), 8272. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14248272 [Article] [DOI]
15. Choi H, Hong S, Choi A, Sung M. Toward the Accuracy of Prediction for Energy Savings Potential and System Performance Using the Daylight Responsive Dimming System. Journal of Energy and Buildings. 2016 December 1; 133: 271-280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.09.042https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.09.042 [Article] [DOI]
16. Kirimtat A, Krejcar O. Multi-objective Optimization at the Conceptual Design Phase of an Office Room through Evolutionary Computation. In: Mouhoub M, Sadaoui S, Ait Mohamed O, Ali M (eds). Recent Trends and Future Technology in Applied Intelligence. IEA/AIE 2018. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 2018 May 30; 10868: 679-684. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92058-0_65 [Article] [DOI]
17. [17] Mahdavinejad M, Matoor S, Feyzmand N, Doroodgar A. Horizontal Distribution of Illuminance with Reference to Window Wall Ration (WWR) in Office Buildings in Hot and Dry Climates, Case of Iran, Tehran. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2011 October; 110-116: 72-76. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.110-116.72
18. Goharian A, Mahdavinejad M, Bemanian M, Daneshjoo K. Designerly optimization of devices (as reflectors) to improve daylight and scrutiny of the light-well’s configuration. Building Simulation. 2021 Oct 9 (pp. 1-24). Tsinghua University Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12273-021-0839-y [Article] [DOI]
19. Torabi M, Mahdavinejad M. Past and Future Trends on the Effects of Occupant Behaviour on Building Energy Consumption. J. Sustain. Archit. Civ. Eng. 2021 Oct 27;29(2) 83-101. https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.sace.29.2.28576 [Article] [DOI]
20. Yazhari Kermani A, Nasrollahi F, Mahdavinejad M. Investigation of the relationship between depth of overhang and amount of daylight indicators in office buildings of Kerman city. Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal, 2018; 5(3): 129-36. https://doi.org/10.15171/EHEM.2018.18 [Article] [DOI]
21. Torcellini P, Pless S, Deru M, Crawley D. Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the Definition. National Laboratory of the US Department of Energy. Proceedings of the ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, 14-18 August 2006, Pacific Grove, California. www.nrel.gov/docs/fy06osti/39833.pdf [Article]
22. Saadatjoo P, Mahdavinejad M, Zhang G, Vali K. Influence of permeability ratio on wind-driven ventilation and cooling load of mid-rise buildings. Sustainable Cities and Society. 2021 Jul 1;70:102894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.102894 [Article] [DOI]
23. Pilechiha P, Mahdavinejad M, Pour Rahimian F, Carnemolla P, Seyedzadeh S. Multi-objective Optimization Framework for Designing Office Windows: Quality of View, Daylight and Energy Efficiency. Applied Energy. 2020 March 1; 261: 114356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114356 [Article] [DOI]
24. Talaei M, Mahdavinejad M, Azari R. Thermal and energy performance of algae bioreactive façades: A review. Journal of Building Engineering. 2020 Mar 1;28:101011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2019.101011 [Article] [DOI]
25. Talaei M, Mahdavinejad M, Azari R, Prieto A, Sangin H. Multi-objective optimization of building-integrated microalgae photobioreactors for energy and daylighting performance. Journal of Building Engineering. 2021 Jun 5:102832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102832 [Article] [DOI]
26. Saadatjoo P, Mahdavinejad M, Zhang G. A study on terraced apartments and their natural ventilation performance in hot and humid regions. Building Simulation. 2018 Apr 1;11(2):359-372. Tsinghua University Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12273-017-0407-7 [Article] [DOI]
27. Rasoolzadeh M, Moshari M. Prioritizing for Healthy Urban Planning: Interaction of Modern Chemistry and Green Material-based Computation. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2021 May 10;11(1):94-105. https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1400. [Article] [DOI]
28. Talaei M, Mahdavinejad M, Azari R, Haghighi HM, Atashdast A. Thermal and energy performance of a user-responsive microalgae bioreactive façade for climate adaptability. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. 2022 Aug 1;52:101894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2021.101894 [Article] [DOI]
29. [28] Nabil A, Mardaljevic J. Useful Daylight Illuminance: A New Paradigm for Assessing Daylight in Buildings. Lighting Research and Technology. 2005 March 1; 37(1): 41-57. https://doi.org/10.1191%2F1365782805li128oa
30. Mahdavinejad M, Hosseini SA. Data mining and content analysis of the jury citations of the Pritzker Architecture prize (1977–2017). Journal of Architecture and Urbanism. 2019 Feb 1;43(1):71-90. https://doi.org/10.3846/jau.2019.5209 [Article] [DOI]
31. Mahdavinejad M, Javanroodi K. Natural ventilation performance of ancient wind catchers, an experimental and analytical study–case studies: one-sided, two-sided and four-sided wind catchers. International journal of energy technology and policy, 2014 Jan 1;10(1):36-60. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJETP.2014.065036 [Article] [DOI]
32. Kirimtat A, Koyunbaba B.k, Chatzikonstantinou I, Sariliyildiz S. Review of Simulation Modeling for Shading Devices in Buildings. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2016 January; 53: 23-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.08.020 [Article] [DOI]
33. Wagdy A, Fathy F. A Parametric Approach for Achieving Optimum Daylighting Performance through Solar Screens in Desert Climates. Journal of Building Engineering. 2015 September 1; 3: 155-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2015.07.007 [Article] [DOI]
34. Hadianpour M, Mahdavinejad M, Bemanian M, Haghshenas M, Kordjamshidi M. Effects of windward and leeward wind directions on outdoor thermal and wind sensation in Tehran. Building and Environment. 2019 Mar 1;150:164-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.12.053 [Article] [DOI]
35. Hadianpour M, Mahdavinejad M, Bemanian M, Nasrollahi F. Seasonal differences of subjective thermal sensation and neutral temperature in an outdoor shaded space in Tehran, Iran. Sustainable Cities and Society, 2018 May 1; 39: 751-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.03.003 [Article] [DOI]
36. Haghshenas M, Hadianpour M, Matzarakis A, Mahdavinejad M, Ansari M. Improving the suitability of selected thermal indices for predicting outdoor thermal sensation in Tehran. Sustainable Cities and Society. 2021 Jul 27:103205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.103205 [Article] [DOI]
37. Valitabar M. Mohammadjavad M. Henry S. Peiman P. A dynamic vertical shading optimisation to improve view, visual comfort and operational energy. Open House International. 2021 Jul 9;46(3):401-415. https://doi.org/10.1108/OHI-02-2021-0031 [Article] [DOI]
38. Johnsen K, Watkins R. Daylight in Buildings: A Source Book on Daylighting Systems and Components. ECBCS Annex 29/SHC Task 21 Project Summary Report. 2010. https://www.iea-ebc.org/Data/publications/EBC_Annex_29_PSR.pdf [Article]
39. Alawadhi E.M. Double Solar Screens for Window to Control Sunlight in Kuwait. Journal of Building and Environment. 2018 October 15; 144: 392-401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.08.058 [Article] [DOI]
40. Eslamirad N, Kolbadinejad SM, Mahdavinejad M, Mehranrad M. Thermal comfort prediction by applying supervised machine learning in green sidewalks of Tehran. Smart and Sustainable Built Environment. 2020 Apr 28; 9(4):361-374. https://doi.org/10.1108/SASBE-03-2019-0028 [Article] [DOI]
41. Fallahtafti R, Mahdavinejad M. Window geometry impact on a room's wind comfort. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 2021 Mar 24;28(9):2381-2410. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-01-2020-0075 [Article] [DOI]
42. Jalilisadrabad S, Bolboli S. Evaluation of Position of Materials Used in the Urban Facades Approach to Sustainable Urban Development. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2017 Jul 10;7(2):49-57. https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1396. [Article] [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.