Volume 13, Issue 2 (2023)                   Naqshejahan 2023, 13(2): 61-84 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Master in Urban Design, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of Regional & Urban Planning, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran , s_jalili@iust.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Solid State Physics, Department of Physics, Iran university of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1673 Views)
Aims: In recent years, awareness of how urban surfaces can improve the microclimate has grown. Meanwhile, the challenge of using cool materials in urban spaces to change the microclimate is significant. Because urban surfaces are made up of two types of vertical surfaces (urban facades) and horizontal surfaces (pavements), each of which has a different impact based on where it is set.

Methods: This research investigates the cooling effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2)-based photocatalytic self-cleaning material (P-S-TiO2) in an urban square. Materials and methods: This study experimentally studied the evaluation of these materials on horizontal and vertical urban surfaces using ENVI-met software in the space of an urban square, a topic unexplored in earlier research.

Findings: The findings show that when these materials were used in the square's pavement, the air temperature of the urban space of the square at the height of 1.5 meters decreased by about 0.6°C because the square's pavement is about 16°C cooler. Meanwhile, the simulation results showed that if these materials are used in the urban facades of the square, there will be no noticeable change in the air temperature.

Conclusion: The conclusion of this research will increase awareness of how to use P-S-TiO2 on both vertical and horizontal surfaces. In other words, using these materials on horizontal surfaces benefits the urban microclimate. Improving the urban microclimate increases the quality of the urban space of JOLFA neighborhood square.
Article number: 4
Full-Text [PDF 1769 kb]   (1050 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Urban Design
Received: 2022/12/5 | Accepted: 2023/03/7 | Published: 2023/06/22

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