Volume 10, Issue 1 (2020)                   Naqshejahan 2020, 10(1): 11-18 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aghaeimehr M, Gharehbaglou M. Identity-Based Contemporization; Case Study: Iran Contemporary Urban Districts in Pahlavi Era. Naqshejahan 2020; 10 (1) :11-18
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-39835-en.html
1- Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanisim, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran
2- Architecture Department, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran , m.gharehbaglou@tabriziau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3998 Views)
The most extensive contemporization of Iranian urban districts began in the first Pahlavi Era. During this period, coming Reza Shah's modernist government to power, renovation projects began and the face of many cities in Iran is changed. In this regard, the examination of the state of identity from two theoretical and practical dimensions during this period seems to be a reviewable and essential matter. The question that arises here is what is the position of identity in the theoretical dimensions and practical measures of planning and implementing urban contemporization plans carried out between 1925 and 1978?. To answer the questions, the present study is conducted by analytical-descriptive research method. In this regard, the projects implemented in the years 1925 to 1978 are classified in two first and second Pahlavi periods. Finally, the approach of each period and its measures are analyzed in terms of tendency towards differentiation, similarity, and unity in the realization of identity. The results show that the approach to identity in the first Pahlavi Era is in its tendency towards modernity and renovation as development symbol, and in the second Pahlavi Era, with the tendency of regeneration and contemporization plans, the approach is moving from predominance of the distinction of identity towards the continuing and preserving unity in identity
Full-Text [PDF 686 kb]   (2084 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Pioneer Islamic Iranian Art and Architecture
Received: 2020/01/12 | Accepted: 2020/05/26 | Published: 2020/06/19

1. Mahdinejad M, Saadatjoo P. Identity in contemporary architecture of Islamic countries: Case study: Saudi Arabia. J Islam Archit Res. 2014;1(3):75-92. [Persian] [Link]
2. Mahdavinejad M. Excellent architecture: The grammar of Iran's future architecture. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University; 2019. [Persian] [Link]
3. Mahdavinejad M. The perspective of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the field of art. Tehran: Expediency Council, Institute for Vision and Future Studies; 2018. [Persian] [Link]
4. Kamelnia H, Mahdavinejad M. Introduction to contemporary architecture from east to west. Tehran: Architect Science; 2013. [Persian] [Link]
5. Mahdavinejad M. High-performance architecture: Search for future legacy in contemporary Iranian architecture. Armanshahr Archit Urban Dev. 2017;9(17):129-38. [Persian] [Link]
6. Mahdavinejad M. Discourse of high-performance architecture: A method to understand contemporary architecture. HOVIATSHAHR. 2017;11(2);53-67. [Persian] [Link]
7. Mahdavinejad M, Bemanian M, Khaksar N. Architecture and identity-explanation of the meaning of identity in pre-modern, modern and post- modern eras. HOVIATSHAHR. 2010;4(7):113-22. [Persian] [Link]
8. Pakzad J. Identity and identitiness with space. SOFFEH. 1996;6:21-2. [Persian] [Link]
9. Mirmoghtadaei M. Criteria for recognizing and evaluating the physical identity of cities. HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA. 2004;19(19):29-38. [Persian] [Link]
10. Habibi SM, Maghsoudi M. Urban restoration, definitions, theories, experiences, world charter and resolutions, urban methods and actions. 4th Edition. Tehran: Tehran University Press; 2009. [Persian] [Link]
11. Mahdavinejad M, Aghaeimehr M. Contemporary principles and basics of contemporary architecture in ancient, valuable and historical textures. 1st Edition. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University Press; 2018. [Persian] [Link]
12. Andalib A, Nikrah H, Adib A. Comparative analysis of foreign and internal regeneration & pathfinding for Urban distressed areas in Iran. J Urban Dev Organ Haft Shahr. 2012;3(39, 40):56-67. [Persian] [Link]
13. Cowan R. Urbanism culture. Blark Y, translator. 1st Edition. Tehran: Parham Naghsh; 2010. [Persian] [Link]
14. Parvizi E, Mahdavinejad M, Bemanian MR. Investigating the process of technology's entry into modern architecture. Armanshahr Archit Urban Dev. 2016;8(15):1-14. [Persian] [Link]
15. Majedi H. Contemporary urban development, the future worn-out textures. HOVIATSHAHR. 2010;4(6):87-94. [Persian] [Link]
16. Bani Massoud A. Contemporary Iranian architecture: In the struggle between tradition and modernity. 1st Edition. Tehran: Century Architectural Art Press; 2009. [Persian] [Link]
17. Mehdizadeh S, Hanachi P. (2016). The role of Western Orientalists in restoration of historical buildings during the Pahlavi era, Iran (1925-1979). HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA. 2017;21(3):5-14. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.1080/13556207.2018.1537028]
18. rc.majlis.ir/fa [Internet]. Tehran: Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Islamic Republic Of IRAN; Unknown Year [cited 2019 March 25]. Available from: rc.majlis.ir/fa. [Persian] [Link]
19. Habibi SM. From shaar to shahr. 4th Edition. Tehran: Tehran University Press; 2003. [Persian] [Link]
20. Habib F, Etesam I, Ghodusifar SH. Formation and features of tehran urban parks during the reign of first Pahlavi Period, case study: Tehran national garden (Baq-EMelli). Armanshahr Archit Urban Dev. 2014;11(6):61-73. [Persian] [Link]
21. Ghobadian V. Stylistics and theoretical foundations in contemporary Iranian architecture. 3rd Edition. Tehran: Royal Institute of Architecture Science; 2016. [Persian] [Link]
22. Mahdavinejad M, Mansouri Mojoumard P. Modernist currents entry to contemporary Iranian architecture. J Islam Iran City Stud. 2015;6(21):19-30. [Persian] [Link]
23. Hanachi P, Darab D, Mahdavinejad M. Conservation and development in Iran, analysis of restoration experiences in the valuable textures of Iranian historical cities. HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA. 2007;(32):51-60. [Persian] [Link]
24. Mahdizadeh S, Shojaei RS. The involvement of Western Orientalists in cultural heritage affairs during the Pahlavi Era, Iran (1925-1979). J Archit Conserv. 2018;24(3):169-84. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/13556207.2018.1537028]
25. Grigor T. Building Iran: Modernism, architecture, and national heritage under the Pahlavi Monarchs. Arab Stud J. 2012;20(1);204-8. [Link]
26. Honarvar N. Investigating of urban resolutions evolution in Iran. Haftshahr Journal. 2001;2(3):14-30. [Persian] [Link]
27. http://region12.tehran.ir/ [Internet]. Tehran: Tehran District 12 Municipality; 2019 [2019 May 3]. Available from: http://region12.tehran.ir/Default.aspx?tabid=86. [Persian] [Link]
28. http://www.caoi.ir/fa/projects/item/426 [Internet]. Tehran: Contemporary Architecture of Iran; 2019 [2019 July 30]. Available from: http://www.caoi.ir/fa/projects/item/426. [Persian] [Link]
29. Amirkhani M. Overview of design concepts of traditional Iranian architecture and its reflections in Iranian contemporary architecture. Adv Nat Appl Sci. 2014;8(12):78-87. [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.