Volume 10, Issue 2 (2020)                   Naqshejahan 2020, 10(2): 153-162 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rostampour K, Hekmat H, Zabihi M. The Role of Phase Change Materials in Improvement and Revitalization of Wind Tower Function; Case study: Warm & Humid Climate. Naqshejahan. 2020; 10 (2) :153-162
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-40567-en.html
1- Architecture Department, Engineering Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran , k.rostampour@ scu.ac.ir
2- Architecture Department, Engineering Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3- National Iranian South Oil Company, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (2408 Views)
Aims: In the last century of Iranian architecture, the use of passive thermal comfort methods has been forgotten and replaced by active methods, in addition to environmental constraints and crises, this process have caused high costs and sometimes reduced access to electricity; As a result, it is essential to use elements and passive methods, especially in warm climates where more electricity is consumed. One of the most important elements of Iran's traditional architecture is wind tower which is still functional due to its simplicity of operation and use of wind energy. In recent years, the use of new building technologies, such as Phase Change Materials, has also led to the revival of passive methods and significant energy savings. Therefore, the present study has attempted to use this material in the wind tower to improve its performance in passive cooling.
Methods: This research was carried out in the form of modeling of airflow in the wind tower channel in Fluent Software and comparing the inlet and outlet temperature. In this regard, three models - fiberglass and two types of phase change with different melting constant temperatures as wall cover-were tested.
Findings: Testing of the models showed that the cover of the phase change material was much more effective than the fiberglass cover (at least between 4.5°C until 5.5°C) in reducing the outlet temperature of the wind tower.
Conclusion: This amount of cooling covers at least three months in warm season and some time of day in the warm and humid climate of Qeshm and will play a reliable role in reducing electricity consumption.
Full-Text [PDF 840 kb]   (628 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Highperformance Architecture
Received: 2020/02/9 | Accepted: 2020/03/19 | Published: 2020/09/20

1. Vakilinezhad R, Mehdizadeh Seradj F, Mofidi Shemirani SM. Principles of passive cooling systems in vernacular architectural elements of Iran. Iranian Archit Urban. 2013;4(5):147-59. [Persian] [Link]
2. Muthuvel S, Saravanasankar S, Sudhakarapandian R, Muthukannan M. Passive cooling by phase change materials in construction. J Build Serv Eng Res Technol. 2015;36(4):411-21. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0143624414556123]
3. Haghshenas Kashani S. Reduce energy consumption in buildings by storing energy in phase change materials. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Heating, Cooling, and Air Conditioning; 2010 May 25-26; Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, Iran. Civilica; 2010. [Persian] [Link]
4. Mahdavinejad M, Ghasempourabadi M, Mirzaei F, Asgari A. Usage of climatic potentials in green urban design( case: rearrangement of Shushtar touristic pathway). [Link]
5. Mahdavinejad M, Mirzaei F, Ghasempourabadi M. Application of traditional water structures as passive energy systems case: Shushtar Kats. Energy Environ Eng. 2013;1(3):111-7. [Link]
6. Attarian K, SafarAli Najar B. Defining sustainability characteristics for residential buildings in hot and humid climate (case study: triditional houses of Ahwaz). Naqshejahan. 2018;8(3):161-70. Persian] [Link]
7. Ahadi A, Alirezaei Vernosfaderani B. Evaluating appropriate roof shape and efficiency of wind tower and wind scoop for natural ventilation in residential buildings of Chabahar. J Housing Rural Environ. 2015;33(148):33-44. [Persian] [Link]
8. Saghafi MJ, Fakhari M. The effect of solar chimney on building ventilation in different climates of Iran. Naqshejahan. 2012;2(2):43-54. [Persian] [Link]
9. Mahdavinejad MJ, Khazforoosh S. Combination of wind catcher and chimney for more energy efficient architectural buildings. Sustain Energy. 2014;2(1):35-8. [Link]
10. Mahmoudi M. Wind catcher: an attractive and charming feature of Yazd City. Bagh- e Nazar. 2006;3(5):91-9. [Persian] [Link]
11. Mahmoudi M, Mofidi SM. Investigation of architecture of wind-towers plan on the environmental temperature reduction. J Environ Sci Technol. 2011;13(1):83-91. [Persian] [Link]
12. Mahmoudi M. Wind tower, symbol of Iranian architecture. 1st Edition. Tehran: Yazda Publication; 2010. [Persian] [Link]
13. Mahmoudi M, Mofidi SM. Analysis on typology and architecture of wind catcher and find the best type. Honar-haye Ziba. 2009;(36):27-36. [Persian] [Link]
14. Yari Boroujeni N, Marahemi S, Saedvandi M. Analysis of louver typologies in vernacular housing of Laft Port City. J Housing Rural Environ. 2017;36(157):37-52. [Persian] [Link]
15. Hejazi M, Hejazi B, Hejazi S. Architecture, cooling performance and seismic behaviour of wind towers. J Housing Rural Environ. 2017;36(157):21-34. [Persian] [Link]
16. Mahdavinejad MJ, Javanroudi K. Comparative evaluation of airflow in two kinds of Yazdi and Kermani wind towers. Honar-haye Ziba Memari-Va-Shahrsazi. 2011;3(4):69-80. [Persian] [Link]
17. Mahdavinejad MJ, Ghasempoorabadi M, Javanroudi K. Numerical modeling and experimental study of air flow in the Yazdi wind-towers. Int J Archit Urban Plann. 2013;23(1):17-22. [Link]
18. Mahdavinejad MJ, Javanroudi K, Ghasempoorabadi MH, Bemanian M. Evaluating the efficiency of YAZDI wind tower, an experimental study. Int J Archit Eng Urban Plann. 2013;23(1 and 2):17-22. [Link]
19. Arami H, Mokhtari M. Energy saving in building using phase change material. Iran J Energy. 2013;16(1):89-109. [Persian] [Link]
20. Morahemi S, Yari N, Saedvandi M. Typology of Loft Badgirs' (wind towers) based on Façade ornaments. J Housing Rural Environ. 2017;36(159):19-34. [Persian] [Link]
21. Sheikh Jaberi F, Shariati Niasar M. Application of nanotechnology in thermal energy storage. Iran Nanotechnol. 2011;10(4):16-19. [Persian] [Link]
22. Kuznik F, David D, Johannes K, Roux J. A review on phase change materials integrated in building walls. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2011;15(1):379-91. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2010.08.019]
23. Wu Z, Qin M, Zhang M. Phase change humidity control material and its impact on building energy consumption. J Energy Build. 2018;174:254-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.06.036]
24. Vadhera J, Sura A, Nandan G, Dwived G. Study of phase change materials and its domestic application. J Mater Today. 2018;5(2):3411-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2017.11.586]
25. Ghiabaklou Z. Foundations of building physics 2: regulating environmental conditions. Theran: Jahad-e Daneshgahi Press; 2012. [Persian] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.