Volume 11, Issue 4 (2022)                   Naqshejahan 2022, 11(4): 117-133 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mahmoodkelayeh S, Gholamnejad M, Jafari Morkani Y. Sustainability in Consolidation: Understanding the Documentation Characteristics Regarding the Conservation Process; Case Study: Tehran Historic Gateway. Naqshejahan 2022; 11 (4) :117-133
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-53490-en.html
1- M.Sc. in Architecture and Historic Building, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , saeedkelayeh@yahoo.com
2- M.Sc. in Architecture and Historic Building, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3- PhD in Conservation & Restoration of Historic Building and Sites, Art University of Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (1311 Views)
The Sardar of Bagh-e Melli was the symbol of Tehran for many years. Its current state is the result of events, changes in Visions, and social, cultural, and political changes. This study focuses on the experience of Tehran Beautification Organization to reveal the quality of conservation in valuable monuments of Tehran.
The current study is a descriptive-analytic and explorative-field work study. It has tried to triangulate the results of to Make understandable with library studies and document analysis to offer hypothesis in terms of interpretation of hidden elements and features of the monument and provide a proper analysis of the changes and the reasons behind them.
Studies show that the monument had four distinct periods of life, the effect of each can be seen as physical changes and interventions in it: 1- Formation as a symbol of power in the bureaucracy of the capital and the country; 2- The period of pause in urban development; 3- The era of ignorance and decline; 4- The rise of historical and symbolic values of the monument in the old Tehran.
The study answers the questions regarding the formation, changes, and second rise of a monument that was the symbol of Tehran in an era and is considered the face of old Tehran today. In these examinations it became clear how social and political changes affected the rise and focalization of a monument and consequently resulted in its decline. Thus, the value of the said monument in each era makes certain changes permissible or prohibited. Finally, the growing old of previous values and formation of new ones are studied and how this limit intervention in the monument more difficult compared to older taboos.
Full-Text [PDF 1473 kb]   (938 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Highperformance Architecture
Received: 2021/06/22 | Accepted: 2021/07/17 | Published: 2022/01/10

1. Donboli S, Kalantari Khalilabad H, Aghasafari A. Recognition of Urbanscape Identity Components in Iranian Islamic Cities - The case of Tehran. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2019 Mar 10;8(4):223-230. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1397. [Article] [DOI]
2. Maroofi S, Taghvaie A, Pourjafar M. Evaluation of the Effects of Religious Spaces on Citizens’ Behaviors with Particular Reference to the Selected Tehran Mosques. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2019 Mar 10;8(4):205-211. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1397. [Article] [DOI]
3. Jalilisadrabad S, Shieh E, Behzadfar M. Identification of the Effective Factors on Socio-spatial Segregation; A Case Study of Fadak and Kerman Neighborhoods Located in District 8, Tehran. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2018 Jun 10;8(1):17-23. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1397. [Article] [DOI]
4. Kamyar M, Taghvaea A A, Khazaei R. Unstable Condition of Housing in Tehran: Disruption or Dynamism. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2017 Apr 10;7(1):13-20. [Persian] [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1396. [Article] [DOI]
5. Hanachi P, Mollazadeh F, FadaeiNezhadBahramjerdi S. Developing the conceptual framework of value-based management in cultural and historical places; (Looking at the Islamic Culture). Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2017 Dec 10;7(3):1-14. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1396. [Article] [DOI]
6. Hanachi P, Taymourtash S. Adaptive reuse of industrial heritage, A model for creating new opportunities in cities. DANESH-e-HEFAZAT va MAREMMAT. 2017 Oct 10;1(2):21-33. [Persian] Available from: http://journal.richt.ir/kcr/article-1-35-en.html [Article]
7. Mahdavinejad M, Hosseini SA. Data mining and content analysis of the jury citations of the Pritzker Architecture prize (1977–2017). Journal of Architecture and Urbanism. 2019 Feb 1;43(1):71. https://doi.org/10.3846/jau.2019.5209 [Article] [DOI]
8. Diba D. Contemporary architecture of Iran. Architectural Design. 2012 May;82(3):70-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/ad.1406 [Article] [DOI]
9. Mirgholami M, Toghraii A, Ghazipour S. Neoliberalization Process in Contemporary City: A Theoretical Model. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2017 Dec 10;7(3):35-47. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1396. [Article] [DOI]
10. Farahbakhsh, M, Hanachi P. Analyzing the effect of railway as industrial heritage in Iran. Honar-Ha-Ye-Ziba: Memary Va Shahrsazi. 2016; 20(4):33-44. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/10.22059/JFAUP.2016.59668 [Article] [DOI]
11. Moulaii M, Shahhoseini G, Dabaghchi S. Explaining and analyzing how to make smart cities in the context of the influencing components and key factors. Naqshejahan - Basic studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2016 Nov 10;6(3):75-93. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1396. [Article] [DOI]
12. Lotfi S, Sholeh M. Assessing the Old Buildings Reclaimability into the New Life Cycle Implementing Adaptive Reuse Potential (ARP) Model. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2017 Dec 10;7(3):15-34. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1396. [Article] [DOI]
13. Samadzadehyazdi S, Ansari M, Mahdavinejad M, Bemaninan M. Significance of authenticity: learning from best practice of adaptive reuse in the industrial heritage of Iran. International Journal of Architectural Heritage. 2020 Mar 15;14(3):329-44. https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2018.1542466
14. Iranishad A, Habib F. Reconnection to Context: Place-based Contemporization and Reuse of Tehran Valuable Houses. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2021;11(2):1-26. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1400. [Article] [DOI]
15. Pourzargar M, Abedini H. Explaining the Components of Contemporization and Quality Improvement of Emamzadeh Saleh’s (AS) Adjacent Texture. Naqshejahan-Basic studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2020 May 10;10(1):63-74. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1399. [Article] [DOI]
16. Habib F, Etesam I, Ghoddusifar S. Formation and Features of Tehran Urban Parks during the Reign of First Pahlavi Period, Case Study: Tehran National Garden (Baq-EMelli). Armanshahr Architecture & Urban Development. 2014 Mar 1;6(11):61-73. [Persian] Available from: http://www.armanshahrjournal.com/article_33465.html?lang=en [Article]
17. Lahmar R, Bationo BA, Lamso ND, Guéro Y, Tittonell P. Tailoring conservation agriculture technologies to West Africa semi-arid zones: building on traditional local practices for soil restoration. Field crops research. 2012 Jun 14;132:158-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.09.013 [Article] [DOI]
18. Eslamirad N, Kolbadinejad SM, Mahdavinejad M, Mehranrad M. Thermal comfort prediction by applying supervised machine learning in green sidewalks of Tehran. Smart and Sustainable Built Environment. 2020 Apr 28; 9(4):361-374. https://doi.org/10.1108/SASBE-03-2019-0028 [Article] [DOI]
19. Kasraei MH, Nourian Y, Mahdavinejad M. Girih for domes: analysis of three Iranian domes. Nexus Network Journal. 2016 Apr 1;18(1):311-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-015-0282-4 [Article] [DOI]
20. Heidari F, Mahdavinejad M, Werner LC, Roohabadi M, Sarmadi H. Biocomputational Architecture Based on Particle Physics. Front. Energy Res. 2021 July 08;9:620127. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2021.620127 [Article] [DOI]
21. Rasoolzadeh M, Moshari M. Prioritizing for Healthy Urban Planning: Interaction of Modern Chemistry and Green Material-based Computation. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2021 May 10;11(1):94-105. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1400. [Article] [DOI]
22. Saadatjoo P, Mahdavinejad M, Zhang G, Vali K. Influence of permeability ratio on wind-driven ventilation and cooling load of mid-rise buildings. Sustainable Cities and Society. 2021 Jul 1;70:102894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.102894 [Article] [DOI]
23. Talaei M, Mahdavinejad M, Azari R, Prieto A, Sangin H. Multi-objective optimization of building-integrated microalgae photobioreactors for energy and daylighting performance. Journal of Building Engineering. 2021 Jun 5:102832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102832
24. Mahdavinejad M. Designerly Approach to Energy Efficiency in High-Performance Architecture Theory. Naqshejahan - Basic Studies and New Technologies of Architecture and Planning. 2020 Sep 10;10(2):75-83. [Persian] https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23224991.1399. [Article] [DOI]
25. Sadeghniat K, PourYaghoub GR, Saberi HR, Hanachi P. Prevalence of sick building syndrome (SBS) in employees of Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, Summer 2002. KAUMS Journal (FEYZ). 2004 Jul 10;8(2):1-6. [Persian] Available from: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-189-en.html [Article]
26. Ramirez CM, Liel AB, Mitrani‐Reiser J, Haselton CB, Spear AD, Steiner J, Deierlein GG, Miranda E. Expected earthquake damage and repair costs in reinforced concrete frame buildings. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2012 Sep;41(11):1455-75. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.2216 [Article] [DOI]
27. Motamedi M. Historical Geography of Tehran. Tehran: University Publication Center. 2002. [Article]
28. Rangchian A. Silence, Stillness and Motion in MashghSquare. Journal of Applied Arts. 2014;03(4):59-71. [Persian] https://doi.org/10.22075/aaj.2014.380 [Article]
29. Shamim A. Iran during the Qajar dynasty. Tehran: Modabber Press. 2014. [Article]
30. Mostofi A. Description of my life. Tehran. Zovvar Press. (Vol 1). 1950. [Article]
31. Gruber C. Architectural Dynamics in Pre-revolutionary Iran: Dialogic Encounter Between Tradition and Modernity. Intellect Books; 2019 Oct 15. [Article]
32. Mozaffari A, Westbrook N. The Politics of Contextual Specificity and Global Architectural Trends. Myth, Nature, Heritage. 2012:792-811. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11937/49226 [Article]
33. Cabinet of Ministers of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Allocation of 2.5 million Rials for maintenance and repair of the old gate of the BAGH E MELLI [Internet]. Tehran: Research Center of the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran; 1980. [cited 2016 August 10th]. Available from: http://rc.majlis.ir.
34. Mokhtari E, Behrouz S. Sardar E Bagh E Melli. Tehran: Iran cultural studies Press. 2009. [Article]
35. Bahreman A. The restoration of the Doors of Sardar E Bagh E Melli. Research Journal- articles Collection of the Cultural Heritage of Tehran Province Administration. Tehran: Research institute of Cultural Heritage. 2001;9-46. [Article]
36. Ilyin, M. Moscow, Monuments of Architecture; 18th - The First Third of The 19th Century. Moscow: Iskusstvo Press. 1975: 19.
37. Pirnia M. Introduction to Islamic architecture in Iran. Tehran: Soroush Danesh. 2005. [Article]
38. Ching F. A Visual Dictionary of Architecture. Colorado: John Wiley & Sons. (Vol. 2). 2012. [Article]
39. Mittendorf J, Dodson D. The Art of Reading Buildings. Oklamaha: pennwell. 2015. [Article]
40. Feilden B. Conservation of Historic Buildings. Oxford: Architectural Press. 2003. [Article]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.