Volume 13, Issue 1 (2023)                   Naqshejahan 2023, 13(1): 69-95 | Back to browse issues page

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Alighadr M, حقیر س. Yard Life: Study of the Evolution of the Tehran Houses Yards in the Contemporary Period and the Effective Factors on It. Naqshejahan 2023; 13 (1) :69-95
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-63199-en.html
1- MSc Student, Department of Restoration and Architectural Studies of Iran, Faculty of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , saeed.haghir@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1440 Views)
Aims: The yard has played a much more prominent role than ever. After the changes in the structure of the community, the house and yard changed. The present study investigates these changes and the reasons for their occurrence during the contemporary period.

Methods: The data collection is a documentary.

Findings: The results of the study indicate that in the past, the yard has been an organized element to the home, an element of light and ventilation of the spaces, a connector with nature, and providing a convenient space for family comfort and celebration. But the yard’s role today is merely the space between the house and the passage, the car movement, and sometimes the small gardens to make optimal use of the remaining areas of the motorway.

Conclusion: Due to society's changing social and cultural structures, resurrecting the same way traditional courtyard for today's society is in vain. The same traditional courtyards in the new urban design where the houses are overlapped have been changed to roof gardens that need to be in sight. These changes can be attributed to the developments in the Qajar era. Given these developments, the relationships and assumptions of the world of tradition were not capable of living in the contemporary world. All in all, modern man’s environmental perceptions changed. As the most relevant space to man, the house has undergone significant changes, and the yard, one of its most important spaces, has not been immune to these changes.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Pioneer Islamic Iranian Art and Architecture
Received: 2022/07/28 | Accepted: 2023/01/12 | Published: 2023/05/28

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