Volume 14, Issue 2 (2024)                   Naqshejahan 2024, 14(2): 21-40 | Back to browse issues page

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Mehrvarz F, Bemanian M, Zarkesh A. Optimizing a sample of Bushehr houses for visual comfort and energy-saving. Naqshejahan 2024; 14 (2) :21-40
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-74230-en.html
1- MSc of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor of Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , bemanian@modares.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (350 Views)
Aims: Utilizing passive architectural elements to conserve energy and optimize natural lighting is a common solution in traditional Iranian architecture. Various factors such as building shape and orientation, window positioning, use of local materials, and shading devices are recognized as traditional architectural elements in warm and humid climates. The main objective of this research is to evaluate the efficiency and optimize architectural elements in the warm and humid climate of Bushehr city, focusing on energy consumption control and utilization of natural light.

Methods: Firstly, through documentary resources, the residential architectural patterns of Bushehr were identified. Then, using the Rhinoceros software environment and Grasshopper plugin, selected variables were parametrically modeled, and quantitative data analysis was conducted using energy tools and radiation analysis. Finally, optimal patterns were selected using a genetic algorithm, and the final response was presented with an annual performance analysis.

Findings: By optimizing passive strategies, UDI could be increased up to 96%, and energy consumption could be reduced up to 174.1 kWh/m2. In hot and humid climates, paying attention to the minimum absorption of sunlight is essential, in addition to the importance of using natural ventilation.

Conclusion: Using passive architectural elements such as the use of Shenashir, the proportions of the room and the window-to-wall ratio increases the performance of the building. The conclusion emphasizes the pivotal role of the contemporization of traditional houses in resolving contemporary architectural challenges, especially high energy consumption and environmental regulation.
Full-Text [PDF 1656 kb]   (134 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Highperformance Architecture
Received: 2024/02/10 | Accepted: 2024/05/9 | Published: 2024/08/1

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