Volume 8, Issue 1 (2018)                   Naqshejahan 2018, 8(1): 47-55 | Back to browse issues page

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Medi H, Imani M. فناوری بایومیمیک و الهام از طبیعت. Naqshejahan 2018; 8 (1) :47-55
URL: http://bsnt.modares.ac.ir/article-2-26887-en.html
1- Architecture Department, Architecture & Urbanism Faculty, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran , medi@arc.ikiu.ac.ir
2- Architecture Department, Architecture & Urbanism Faculty, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (7969 Views)
Introduction: The advancement of technology has been a prelude to the emergence of different ways of nature inspiration, such as biomimic, which has led to the lack of recognition of how to model and inspire nature in order to make a scientific review of architectural projects from the biomimic perspective. The aim of this study was to define a model, using biomimic technology and nature inspiration.
Conclusion: Functionalism is one of the most prominent features of the biomimic architecture. Architecture of Calatrava is organic, simple, and free of Gaudi’s forming complexities. His inspiration from nature is sometimes seen only objectively and in formal imitation in terms of metaphorical, formal, and functional imitation, and in Gaudi's works. Movement and Functionalism in Calatrava’s works are more pronounced than that of Gaudi due to the different time periods and technological progress and the influence of constructivist architects. Calatrava was influenced by Gaudi in architecture. With the tone of the day and utilization of the structure and technology, Calatrava goes beyond his culture and traditions in the modern context, while Gaudi became a surrealist architect with growing up in the neoclassical framework, relying on the geometry and cultural diversity of his time; supported by the symbols and historical monuments of Spain, influenced by factors such as the environment, family background, religion, and concurrency with the industrial revolution, and affected by formalist and constructivist architects, Gaudi not only immortalized his artistic genius, but also affected constructivist architects after himself. The two architects paid attention to form and function in their inspiration from nature. Gaudi can be considered the biomorphic architect and Calatrava can be considered biomimicic architect.
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Subject: Highperformance Architecture
Received: 2018/02/26 | Accepted: 2018/05/15 | Published: 2018/07/16

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